Common Linux Commands

Files Commands

list sub directories:

$ ls -la | grep ^d

To watch a file as it changes:

$ tail -f /path/to/file

To check what directories are taking the most space:

$ du -xm / | sort -n | tail -50

Check what devices are taking the most space:

$ ls -lrSh /dev | tail -50

Do a grep regex search:

$ find . -name "*.xml" | xargs grep -Pzo "(?s)<pub10>.*?</pub10>"

Computer Information

Print operating system name:

$ uname -a

On Ubuntu:

$ lsb_release -a

Network Commands

View tcp connection for an ip address:

$ tcpdump -x host 192.168.0.1

Common Tar Commands

Extract the contents of example.tar and display it’s contents:

$ tar xvf example.tar

Extract and uncompress a compressed tar archive:

$ tar xzvf example.tar.gz

Create a tar archive of a directory:

$ tar -cf example.tar /path/to/example

Create a tar archive and of a directory and compress the directory:

$ tar -czvf example.tar.gz /path/to/example

View the contents of a tar archive:

$ tar -tvf example.tar

How to send other users messages from the terminal

$ write username tty
message text
CTRL+C

Process Commands

List all processes:

$ ps -ef

Another way to list all processes:

$ ps -aux

List Process Tree:

$ ps -axf

Search and Replace Text in Text Files

Search for all python files and replace foo with bar:

$ find . -name "*.py" | xargs perl -i.bak -wpe 's/\bfoo\b/bar/g'

Command to move your files back to the original if something went back with the search and replace:

$ for i in *txt;do cp ${i}.bak $i;done

Another way to move your backup files back to the original if something went bad with the search and replace:

$ find . -iname '*.txt' -exec mv {}.bak {} \;

Rename files in a batch

Rename files by number:

$ c=0; for i in *.jpg; do (( c++ )); mv "$i" "$c".jpg; done

Change a files extention:

$ for i in *.txt; do mv $i ${i/.txt/.doc}; done